John is the fourth and in many ways the most dramatic of the Gospels. It is certainly the one that most emphasizes the conflict in Jesus life. Jesus it the light in a dark world. A key verse has to be, “a light that shined in darkness and the darkness has not overcome it. And also, He came to that which was his own, and his own did not receive it. Both are found in chapter 1
Let’s talk about the writer himself: from Capernaum, brother of James, son of Zebedee, fisherman and one of the first of Jesus’ disciples. Of all the Apostles, John is the only one who follows Jesus all the way to Calvary.
He, along with Peter is the first disciple to the empty tomb. According to Luke, in Acts, Peter and John are the first Apostles recognized as leaders of the Church in Jerusalem. Despite this, he quickly passes from the front lines of book of Acts.
We can piece together from John’s disciples and close associates that he spends his last years in Ephesus. It is while in Ephesus that he wrote his Gospel and three letters. Revelation was written either on Patmos, or after his return from exile there.
The reason for his exile by Domitian, is lost in the mists of history, but within less than 100 years, the legend is that the emperor tried, but failed to have the apostle killed. The story is that Domitian ordered John to be boiled in oil, fried like a chicken leg, but he didn’t die.
According to the most ancient traditions, John died of natural causes somewhere around AD 95 and was buried in Ephesus.
For many years, liberal scholars suggested that John’s Gospel was not written until the late 2nd or possibly the third century, because it deals with such specific matters and doctrines. Lots of talk about Jesus Deity and Humanity.
The Gospel appears to be a direct assault on Gnosticism, which reached its peak in the late 2nd and early 3rd centuries. However, a certain parchment fragment that contains part of John’s Gospel, on display in Manchester England, called P52, is dated to within 50 years of the original writing.
The purpose of John’s Gospel is most explicit in the very last verse of the chapter 20
Arguably the most important claim Jesus ever made about His own identity is in John’s Gospel. You can find it in chapter 8, verse 58